Dental disease typically begins with a build-up of plaque, consisting of a number of different types of bacteria, on the teeth. Plaque sticks to the tooth surface and, if not removed, will calcify into tartar (also known as calculus). This appears as a yellow-brown material on the teeth. Over time the plaque infiltrates under the gumline, causing gingivitis and will result in periodontal disease, causing irreversible changes to the teeth and supportive structures.
Ultimately, dental disease is more than just a cosmetic issue – it can be a cause of significant illness and pain in dogs and cats.